Pension glossary

  • A Factor

    The pension benefit accrual in a calendar year.
  • Accrual percentage

    This is your annual pension accrual in percentage of the pension base.
  • Accrued pension

    This is the amount of annual pension accrued by you until 1st January of this year. Suppose your participation terminated on 1st January of this year, this is the benefit you can expect when you retire. If your participation continues, you continue accruing pension in this pension plan. Your pension commences on the first day of the month in which you reach the retirement age.
  • Active participant

    The participant who accrues pension in the pension plan.
  • Actuarial assumptions

    Data such as mortality rates, disability rates, actuarial interest and costs which are used to determine the amount of money required to realize the pension promises.
  • Actuary

    A specialist who does actuarial risk analyses and calculates the reservations required for the determination of the pension commitments.
  • AFM

    The Authority for the Financial Markets (AFM) supervises the financial markets in the Netherlands. This concerns providers of financial products and services and companies issuing stocks and shares.
  • Annual report

    Account of the annual activities in which the provision for pension liabilities is determined and the analysis of the technical results is made.
  • AOV

    As of the AOV retirement age you receive an AOV benefit from the government. Please go to for more information.
  • AWW (Widows and Orphans (Benefits) Act)

    In the event of your death, your partner and/or children may be entitled to a state benefit. Please go to for more information.
    Please visit the website of the SVB.
  • Benchmark

    A benchmark is a basic rate to compare the investment result. For investment in shares the benchmark is often a share index, e.g. the AEX.
  • Beneficiary

    The person who receives the (future) benefit. Either the participant or his/her surviving dependant(s).
  • Benefit claimant

    Someone who can claim a benefit.
  • Board

    The board of a pension fund consists of representatives of all participants, deferred participants and retirees in the pension plan.
  • Capital

    The money reserved to pay out the accrued pension entitlements in the future.
  • Cash value

    The amount required to make one or more payments in the future, taking into account any future interest. In the pension plan this amount is often used when referring to the future pension.
  • Child

    As a child of the participant is acknowledged: own children or step or foster children who have been provided for and raised as own children. A child can qualify for an orphan's pension until the age of 23 years. The benefit is paid if the participants dies.
  • Citizen service number

    Your registration number at the municipality where you are registered (previously social security number). Everybody has a unique number.
  • Commutation

    In the event of commutation the surrender value of the pension entitlements is paid out as a lump sum, after which the pension benefit will cease to exist.
  • Commutation value (or commutation amount)

    The commutation value is the amount to be paid as a lump sum as surrender of an obligation to make a series of payments in the future.
  • Conversion

    Conversion of pension entitlements into other pension entitlements. Conversion can take place e.g. after deciding between partner pension and a higher or earlier retirement pension.
  • Corporate governance

    Corporate governance refers to a structure of relationships between the various company organs such as the Board of Management, Supervisory Board, shareholders and other interested parties, in which accountability, transparency and supervision play an important part. Pension funds invest in companies listed on the stock exchange and are therefore also shareholders.
  • Deferred participant

    No pension premium is paid for this person. Also referred to as early leaver.
  • Defined Benefit agreement

    An agreement in which the pension benefit has been determined.
  • Dependant's pension

    Pension specifically aimed at the benefit to the partner and children in the event of death.
  • Divorce

    The dissolution of the marriage as a result of a divorce decree.
  • DNB (Dutch Central Bank)

    Is responsible for the supervision of the reliability of Financial organizations. In this role DNB supervises among others the Dutch pension funds and insurance companies and the pension plans which have been administered directly with an insurance company by the employer. This used to be the responsibility of the PVK, the Pensions and Insurance Supervisory Authority of the Netherlands. At the end of 2004 the PVK merged with the DNB.
  • Equalization (equalize)

    Distribution of the entitlements to retirement pension accrued during the marriage in accordance with the system of the Pension Benefits Equalization Act in the vent of divorce.
  • Equalized retirement pension

    The part of the retirement pension (RP) that is allocated to the ex partner after dissolution of a marriage, registered partnership or cohabitation agreement. The equalized RP reaches payout when the participant retires. If the participant dies prior to the retirement date, the equalized RP will be lost and the Special partner pension (SNP) is paid out. If the ex partner dies, the equalized RP is paid to the participant.
  • Exchange

    Exchange of pension types, e.g. the possibility to use a part of the retirement pension for a partner pension, or the other way around, use the partner pension for a higher or earlier retirement pension.
  • Fixed-income securities

    Collective name for bonds and private loans.
  • Flexible elements

    The options offered by a pension plan with which participants can organize their pension package in accordance with their individual circumstances and insights.
  • Foundation

    Legal entity with a certain private capital and a certain objective.
  • Funding ratio

    The relationship between the cash value of the pension entitlements from the pension plan applicable at that moment on the one hand and the capital available on the other hand. The available capital is the sum of the cash value of the pension entitlements which have been funded at that time and any general and additional reserve.
  • Incoming value transfer

    Amount of money paid by a previous pension administrator/fund to purchase pension entitlements in the new pension plan.
  • Indexation (see also supplement)

    Increase of a pension or pension entitlements, which is granted annually by virtue of a stipulation described in the pension plan regulations.
  • Investments

    The conversion of capital or resources into securities or objects in order to maintain or increase the value.
  • Life certificate (Attestatie de Vita)

    A certificate to be issued annually by a benefit claimant who lives abroad. This certificate, that has to be signed by a competent authority, is used to determine if the person involved is still alive.
  • Loss of pension rights

    A loss of pension rights occurs if someone has to move to another pension plan or temporarily leave the plan due to a change of employers or as a result of a changed situation with the current employer.
  • Maximum salary limit

    A salary ceiling. No pension is accrued over the salary exceeding the limit.
  • Offset

    This is the part of the maximum pensionable salary over which you do not accrue pension. You do not accrue pension over this part because you already receive a state old age benefit (AOV).
  • Old age benefit shortfall

    As of 1 January 2015 the AOW supplement will cease to exist for the partner younger than 65 years. For people who turn 65 years o nor after 1 January, 2015 the mutual income may temporarily become less. This is called the Old age benefit shortfall (AOW-gat).
  • Orphan's pension

    Dependant's pension that is paid to the children of a participant of a pension plan - until a certain age - after his or her death.
  • Outgoing value transfer

    An amount of money that is transferred to another pension administrator o purchase pension entitlements for a participant.
  • Outperformance

    The difference between the performed return and the benchmark return (positive or negative).
  • Part-time pension

    An employee is working part-time and partially retired. He continues accruing pension over the salary earned with employment (usually until 65 years).
  • Part-time percentage

    This is the relationship between the number of actual number of employment hours agreed upon and the basic number of hours worked, denominated in a percentage.
  • Participant

    Person to whom pension entitlements have been allocated on the basis of participation in a pension plan.
  • Participant rights

    Rights of participants by virtue of a pension plan or Legal stipulations, both in terms of capital as well as legal rights.
  • Partner

    A married or unmarried relationship of a participant, officially laid down by a marriage, a registered partnership or (notarised) cohabitation contract.
  • Partner pension

    Dependant's pension for the partner. The benefit is paid out if the participant dies.
  • Pension

    Collective term for periodical benefits (usually per month), which replace the former salary in the event of retirement, death or disability. Mutual characteristic is that payment of the pension is terminated when the beneficiary has died and that the accrual of it is connected to employment.
  • Pension accrual

    The amount of the annual pension accrual, called the A factor, determines to what extent you can utilise the tax allowance for supplementing your pension with annuities. If you want to calculate your possibilities, please use the Tax Return Program of the Tax Authorities on the website. Your financial consultant can help you with this. The pension accrual is indicated on the annual Uniform Pension Statement.
    Please visit the website of the Tax Authorities.
  • Pension base

    Your pensionable salary minus the offset. It is the part of the pension over which you do not accrue pension.
  • Pension beneficiary

    A person who can claim a benefit on account of a pension plan.
  • Pension benefit

    Benefit on basis of pension entitlements.
  • Pension entitlement

    Entitlement to future pension benefits, arising from participation in a pension plan.
  • Pension fund

    Foundation that looks after a safe and sound arrangement of the pension entitlements arising from a pension plan and collects, administers and manages capital. A pension fund can outsource this and come to an administration agreement with a pension administrator.
  • Pension Fund Governance (PFG)

    Principles for good pension fund management. 'Good pension fund management' is a translation of the term Pension Fund Governance. It refers mainly to the way in which the board has been organized, the way the board renders account to the parties involved and the way in which the internal supervision has been organized.
  • Pension gap

    The difference between the desired pension level (pension standard) and the actual future benefit (on basis of the accrued reserves). The pension gap often comes into being if a person becomes a participant in another pension plan or temporarily has to leave the pension plan due to a job switch or a changed situation at the employer's.
  • Pension plan

    A plan for which a participant pays premiums and which guarantee the participant with an income after retirement. Also referred to as pension agreement.
  • Pension plan regulations

    General description of the pension plan applicable in the company, professional group or industry involved. In the plan it has been laid down who participate in the plan, how the level of the pensions is determined, which entitlements there are, what are the consequences in the event of dismissal, marriage, divorce, occupational disability, retirement and death. The pension plan regulations are the legal basis from which the people involved claim their entitlements and benefits.
  • Pension rights

    Rights of participants on account of a pension plan.
  • Pensionable salary

    This is the part of your income to be pensioned. In the pension plan regulations it has been determined which elements of pay are pensioned or pensionable.
  • Performance

    The total return on investments.
  • Premium

    This is the amount that you pay for the pension accrual including any voluntary additional premium.
  • Projected pension

    This is the amount of annual pension that you receive as of the retirement age on the pension statement. You receive this amount if you continue your employment until that date and if you continue accruing pension in a pension plan. Your pension starts on the First day of the month in which you reach the retirement age.
  • Retiree

    A person whose retirement benefit has commenced.
  • Retirement date

    The age at which the retirement pension commences by virtue of the pension plan.
  • Retirement pension

    Pension reserved for the participant. It is paid out when the participant reaches the retirement date and payment is continued until he or she dies.
  • Salary data

    Specification of the employment relationship between employee and employer, especially data about remuneration.
  • Salary increase

    Development of the salaries over a certain period.
  • Social Affairs department of the Dutch Caribbean government department

    Government body responsible for the administration of, among others, the AOV and the AWW.
  • Special partner pension

    A dependant's pension or partner pension that is allocated to the ex partner in the event of a divorce. The benefit is paid out if the participant dies.
  • Statement of contingency

    It is mandatory for pension funds to inform you about the supplements (indexation) granted by them, including expected supplements for the next few years. This is done with the statement of contingency.
  • Supervisor

    Organisation that supervises pension funds. See also DNB (Dutch Central Bank) and AFM (Authority for the Financial Markets).
  • Supplement (see also indexation)

    Increase of a pension or pension entitlement, which is granted on an ad hoc basis or is annually granted by virtue of a regulation laid down in the pension plan regulations.
  • Surviving dependant(s)

    The partner of the participant who was married to the participant on the day of death. A registered partnership which was entered in the Netherlands holds the same status as a marriage.
  • Survivor tables

    Survivor tables are based on mortality tables that indicate the number of people who are still alive after x years from a standard number of 0 years old. The name of the table indicates over which time observation period the data have been retrieved (e.g.: Entire Population 2000-2010).
  • SVB (Social Insurance Bank)

    Official body that is in charge of the administration of among others the Old Age Pensions Act and the Surviving Dependants (Benefits) Act.
  • UPO (Uniform Pension Statement)

    Standardised statement used by pension funds and insurance companies to provide employees with individual information about the benefit upon retirement, death and occupational disability.
  • UWV (Employee Insurance Administration Agency)

    UWV is the administrator of the social insurances for employees and employers, such as the Unemployment (benefits) Act, Work and Income (Fitness for Work) Act and the Incapacity for Work Insurance Act.
  • Value transfer

    The transfer of the cash value of pension entitlements to prevent pension loss if an employee becomes a participant in another pension plan.